Detroit 60 Series Oil Capacity – The Detroit Diesel 60 series began production in 1987 and continued until 2011. It is a four-stroke inline-6 diesel engine and the first heavy-duty diesel engine with full electronic control. The Detroit 60 series has received rave reviews for its good balance of fuel economy, performance and longevity. However, no machine is perfect and there are no exceptions here. In this article we discuss the 60 series engine specifications, reliability, problems and more.
As the main displacement, the heavy-duty Detroit 60 series diesel engine is widely used. It is a popular machine in class 7 and 8 on the toll road and bus. Other uses include heavy duty road closures and offshore applications. The 11.1L Series 60 engine is popular in many American buses. When the 11.1L engine was discontinued in 1998, the 12.7L became the main engine. The 14.0L Detroit Diesel engine became a popular mid-size car choice when it was introduced in 2001.
Detroit 60 Series Oil Capacity
Aside from that usage, however, there is a lot of background information that can be covered when talking about the Detroit Diesel 60 Series engine. An important topic is the DDEC electronic control.
Detroit Series 60 Engine Specs
There are numerous advantages to the electronic control of the 60 series diesel engine. Again, it was the first machine to use full electronic controls, and it wasn’t until a few years later that other manufacturers followed suit. This control is called Detroit Diesel Electronic Control (DDEC).
DDEC allows scan timers, shutdowns, speed settings, drive time management and more. Finally, the owner can view valuable machine management reports. Among other things, it helps Detroit 60 Series owners avoid engine abuse and improve fuel economy. DDEC has undergone updates over the past few years, so we’ll break it down quickly.
DDEC I was the original system in 1987 and lasted until 1992. It was a two-box system with an ECM in the cab and an EDM in the engine. The EDM in the engine is responsible for the operation of the fuel injection device.
In 1992, the DDEC II system began to replace the previous version. Instead of two boxes, this system uses a single box installed in a 60 series diesel engine. The DDEC II system is a great upgrade and is very popular with fleet operators.
Detroit Series 60 Oil Change
The DDEC III system was released in 1992 with version II. The main difference with the DDEC III on the 60 series engine is the introduction of a dual 12V / 24V ECM. This makes it easy to install in applications such as marine and industrial applications.
In 1997, the DDEC IV monitoring system was opened. This is mostly to include other Detroit 60 series engine changes such as turbo fenced turbo. Otherwise, the DDEC IV system is aimed at improving torque and performance.
* Top 60 series horsepower occurs at 1,800 RPM on all engines. Torque has also increased for all engines to 1,200 rpm. In performing some continuous tasks, the engine speed reaches 1800 RPM.
All variants of the 60 series engine are also respected. The 11.1L and 12.7L engines were very special for their time in 1987 as they were the first heavy duty diesel engines. There is complete integration of electronic control. However, the 14.0L 60 Series engine is particularly popular in the heavyweight division. With 500+ hp and 1,650 lb-ft of power, the Detroit 14.0L engine delivers excellent performance.
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However, this machine is from the same 60 series family and is presented in a similar way. They are all large displacement inline-6 turbodiesel engines. It also shares the same cast iron design with 4 throttles per cylinder, wet cylinder liners and 7 main bearings.
The Detroit 60 series engines all have a solid reputation as reliable workhorses. Detroit Diesel even initially instituted a major overhaul interval of 500,000 miles. However, this increased to 750,000 miles after they were a strong and reliable engine. There is still no perfect engine that works for the Detroit 60 series diesel engine. In the next section, we’ll explain some of the most common 60 series problems, including:
Again, the 60 series engines are reliable and offer excellent longevity. Above are some common problems but it does not mean that all machines run this problem. On the other hand, we classify it as the most common for a good reason. This does not mean that the problem is common, but if something goes wrong, these are just a few key points.
That said, we’ll cover this Detroit 60 Series problem in more depth below. We will then conclude the article with a general idea about the reliability and longevity of the 60 series.
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The wrist needle problem is an accident that occurs in about 60 series machines built before 2002. The wrist needle is not completely damaged as many machines never experience this problem. However, some wrist needles have faults that cause the needle and crown to break. The stick can also disconnect in some cases.
Lastly, wrist pins are not a common problem on the Detroit Diesel 60 series. However, the damage can be very serious if the needle is broken. This can result in components being thrown through the block. Of course, holes in the block are not a cheap problem and often lead to the need for engine replacement.
One of the things Detroit did to improve fuel economy was to program the engine to idle at low RPM. However, it turns out that low idle speed is often not high enough to run the fuel pump properly. This will result in lower oil pressure at idle. Instead, the bears will go down earlier due to oil starvation and poor oil flow.
This problem mainly affects pre-1997 engines. As such, Detroit 60 series problems are most common on the 11.1L and 12.7L engines. Detroit then increased idle speed and increased oil pressure at lower RPM. That said, later engines can still have problems with load, but this is less common.
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People familiar with new diesel engines understand the problems the exhaust system can cause. The next generation Detroit 60 engines use EGR to reduce NOx emissions. There are several potential problems that arise from the EGR system. However, the root cause of the problem is the AC EGR.
Cold water leaks from EGR air conditioners are a common problem in Detroit 60 series diesel engines. Especially cold water leakage in the air conditioner is also a potential problem. However, white smoke, dehydration and overheating are common symptoms of EGR problems. Overheating can be a serious symptom that can cause damage and further problems, so be careful.
The function of the flue is very simple – the flue is intended to collect the exhaust gas from the cylinder before it enters the normal collector. One potential problem with the 60 series diesel engine is a cracked exhaust pipe. This is usually a minor problem, but still needs to be addressed as soon as possible.
Look for symptoms such as excessive engine noise, loss of power, or a burning/burning smell from the engine compartment. When the engine leaks, the exhaust gases will absorb, so you should pay attention if the engine smell is stronger. However, the symptoms can be difficult to identify until the crack expands.
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As the final theme of the 60 series, we follow up on common emissions issues on the latest 14.0L variant. The 60 series engine is old, but the 14.0L dates back to 2001. It was still in production until 2011 and emissions laws were stricter then.
We already mentioned the EGR issue and that is the system that the Detroit 60 Series 14.0L has. Some new devices also have DPF, DOC and other emission systems. Again, many people who are familiar with new diesel engines are more likely to find that this exhaust system can be a problem. The 14.0L 60 series is still a great engine, but it is more complex and has more room for failure than the old Detroit diesels.
Despite some common problems and design flaws, the Detroit 60 series diesel engine still offers great reliability and durability. It is a popular and well-known diesel engine for good reason. Diesel Power magazine even ranked the 60 Series as the second best diesel engine on its “Best Diesel Engine Ever” list.
Detroit Diesel produced more than 1 million 60-series engines. This means that this machine is easy to find parts for. There are also many shops and mechanics familiar with 60 series diesel engines. Therefore, it is an easy machine to maintain and maintain, even if it has occasional problems.
Detroit 60 Series Diesel Common Problems
The 60 series engine is also simpler than many new generation diesel engines. All these factors combined with power, torque and great performance make the Detroit 60 series a great diesel engine. The gear type oil pump is connected to the cylinder block and is driven from the front of the crankshaft. See “Install the oil pump” picture.
Effective with the 1991 engine, the fuel pump design was changed. Pumps are now smaller and have shut-off valves. Please look
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